Angular & Firebase for Fast, Easy Database Apps

Photo by Campaign Creators on Unsplash

I recently started working on a new personal project that needed a database, and I just wanted something quick & easy. I remembered a colleague mentioning Firebase in the past and decided to take a look. After playing with it for a few days, I really dig it. I love that you can set up a database for free within a few minutes, and access it directly from the frontend without having to introduce a separate API layer.

In this article, I’ll walk through steps required to create a new Angular application and connect it to a Firebase Cloudstore database. You’ll need to sign up with Firebase to create the database, but it’s free and painless. Let’s get to it!

We’ll begin by creating a new application using the Angular CLI:

$ ng new firebase-app
$ cd firebase-app

Next, we’ll create our Firebase Cloudstore database. Go to firebase.com, and create an account or sign in. Add a new project and Cloudstore database in test mode. Finally, add a web app to the project. When you do this, you’ll be presented with instructions for adding the Firebase SDK to your app, as shown below.


Copy/paste the configuration details into our applicaton’s app.module.ts file. (Don’t worry about putting it in the right spot–we’ll do that in a minute. Just get it in there so you have it.) Now it’s time to install the Firebase and the Angular Firebase module:

$ npm -i firebase @angular/fire

When you install @angular/fire a browser will open for you to authenticate with Firebase, and you’ll be given an authorization code. Copy/paste the code back to the command prompt to finish installing the module.

With the module installed, we complete the necessary changes in app.module.ts:

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { AngularFireModule } from '@angular/fire';
import { AngularFirestoreModule } from '@angular/fire/firestore'

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { DemoComponent } from './demo/demo.component';

// Your web app's Firebase configuration
var firebaseConfig = {
  apiKey: "AIzaSyAx2cAfq9Pj3EzavXLkNc6_F9zWCyIayY4",
  authDomain: "ap-sample-1218e.firebaseapp.com",
  databaseURL: "https://ap-sample-1218e.firebaseio.com",
  projectId: "ap-sample-1218e",
  storageBucket: "ap-sample-1218e.appspot.com",
  messagingSenderId: "200601572991",
  appId: "1:200601572991:web:a335d1e106542870a9914a"
};
  
@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    DemoComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    // Initialize Firebase
    AngularFireModule.initializeApp(firebaseConfig),
    AngularFirestoreModule,
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

At this point, we’re actually done with setup and fully functional, but let’s add a new component to demonstrate its usage:

$ ng g c demo

Open demo.component.ts, and add the following:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { AngularFirestore } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-demo',
  templateUrl: './demo.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./demo.component.css']
})
export class DemoComponent implements OnInit {

  items: Observable<any[]>;
  
  constructor(
    private firestore: AngularFirestore
  ) { 
    this.items = this.firestore.collection('items').valueChanges();
  }

  ngOnInit(): void { }

  saveItem(value: string): Promise<any> {
    return this.firestore.collection('items').add({
      value: value
    });
  }
}

Add some simple markup to add & display items in demo.component.html:

<input #input type="text">
<button (click)="saveItem(input.value)">Add</button>

<ul>
    <li *ngFor="let item of items | async">
        {{item.value}}
    </li>
</ul>

Finally, remove boilerplate code from app.component.html and replace it with the demo component:

<app-demo></app-demo>

Now run the app. When values are submitted, they’re saved to our Firebase Cloudstore database, and the page will update in realtime as new records are added. Not bad for a few minutes of work!

$ ng serve --open

Author: Adam Prescott

I'm enthusiastic and passionate about creating intuitive, great-looking software. I strive to find the simplest solutions to complex problems, and I embrace agile principles and test-driven development.

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